Both Arabic and English are official languages in Sudan. When majority Christian South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in 2011, Christians living in the north found themselves a significant minority in a country that intended to Islamize the nation and implement Sharia. However, for decades prior to South Sudan’s independence, the government of Sudan attacked the conflict areas along Sudan’s border with the South in order to exterminate Christians from those areas. Persecuting Christians in Sudan has only continued. The Islamic government, led by President Omar al-Bashir, expelled Christian missionaries in 2012 and increased its persecution of Christians, including demolishing church buildings in Khartoum and bombing schools, churches and hospitals in the Nuba Mountains region. While many Christian leaders have had to flee the country, they are still finding creative ways to spread the gospel inside Sudan. On April 12, 2019, in response to a popular uprising against the Islamist regime, a military council (TMC) controlled by the Islamist establishment removed President Omar al-Bashir from power. Sudan is mostly Sunni Islam with a small Christian population. The Sudanese government arrests, imprisons, intimidates and tortures Christians.