Russian is spoken in this former member of the Soviet Union. Turkmenistan is a profoundly restricted country. There are only eight Protestant churches in this country of 5.6 million people. Commitment to Islam is growing among the population. In spite of restrictions, the gospel is being proclaimed regularly through satellite television and personal testimonies. The country has prospered economically because of its natural gas reserves and access to the Caspian Sea. Due to a long history of dictatorship, Turkmenistan remains closed and isolated. Schoolchildren swear an oath of allegiance to the government every morning. Most Turkmen identify as Muslim. The government persecutes evangelical Christians.